China

China is home to an important cluster community. The bilateral dialogue between the EU and China has been growing in recent years, stimulating the collaboration links between European and Chinese clusters. The EU-China 2020 Strategic Agenda for Cooperation, which aims to foster the establishment of synergies to enhance cooperation in strategic fields, is a strong basis for the creation of cluster collaboration initiatives.

Economic and political context and framework

In 1978, China changed from a centrally-planned to a market-based economy and consequently experienced a rapid economic and social development. Currently, China has a leading position in many sectors that are crucial for the global economy and social development. China is the second largest economy in the world the world's largest exporter and the second largest importer.

Cluster community in the country

China is home to an important cluster community. The main sectors for cluster activity in China are: agriculture, high-tech industry, and manufacturing. Chinese clusters are distributed in different regions, namely the Pearl River Delta (PRD), Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Bohai Rim (Beijing – Tianjin – Liaoning). The figure below presents a map of China's top 100 industrial clusters.

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China’s public cluster policy is developed by both the central and provincial governments. The Chinese central government seeks continuous cluster development according to the guidelines on facilitating the development of industrial clusters announced by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). The most notable central government programme regarding cluster development is the TORCH Programme, which is based on an initiative to develop China's new and high-tech industries approved in 1988 by the national government.Read less.

Cluster policies encouraging the development and internationalisation of clusters

EU and China cooperation has been established with the aim of managing global challenges like health, climate change, food security and clean energy supply. In the particular case of the ICT industrial sector, cooperation could attain great mutual benefits to the businesses and societies, as China and the EU are considered to be global ICT leaders. Read more...

Several projects and some cluster matchmaking missions have already been organised in order to stimulate cooperation between European and Chinese clusters. China is one of the top targeted countries for international cooperation according to the current cluster consortiums under the ESCP-4i initiative. Read less.

Cluster to cluster cooperation opportunities and potential interest from European clusters and SMEs

EU and China cooperation has been established with the aim of managing global challenges like health, climate change, food security and clean energy supply. In the particular case of the ICT industrial sector, cooperation could attain great mutual benefits to the businesses and societies, as China and the EU are considered to be global ICT leaders.

Read more...

Several projects and some cluster matchmaking missions have already been organised in order to stimulate cooperation between European and Chinese clusters. China is one of the top targeted countries for international cooperation according to the current cluster consortiums under the ESCP-4i initiative. Read less.

News

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Events

Date Name Target Type
Friday, 18 May, 2018 - 09:00 Bulgarian-Chinese Forum “International Cluster Policies” (BCF 2018) Cluster managers, Cluster Policy Makers, Project coordinators Conference, Matchmaking
Wednesday, 25 April, 2018 - 10:30 EXCITING Webinar: Challenges and opportunities for policy and technical EU-China cooperation on 5G Cluster managers, Cluster Policy Makers, Project coordinators Webinar
Thursday, 19 April, 2018 - 09:00 ENRICH in China - Workshop 19/04/2018 Cluster managers, Cluster Policy Makers, Project coordinators, SME Workshop
Sunday, 6 May, 2018 - 09:00 ENRICH Innovation Tour to China - Industry 4.0 & Made in China 2025 Cluster managers, Cluster Policy Makers, Investors, Large audience, Project coordinators, SME Matchmaking
Wednesday, 31 January, 2018 - 09:00 International IPRs SME Helpdesks Stakeholders Meeting Large audience Conference
Wednesday, 14 June, 2017 - 08:30 Business Seminar: Opportunities in Asia for SMEs Cluster managers, SME Matchmaking, Seminar
Monday, 4 December, 2017 - 09:15 Healthcare & Medical Technologies Business Mission, Shanghai Cluster managers, Cluster Policy Makers, Investors, Large audience, Project coordinators, SME Seminar, Workshop
Tuesday, 4 April, 2017 - 18:45 International IPRs SME Helpdesks Stakeholders Meeting Cluster managers, Large audience, SME Conference, Matchmaking
Monday, 20 March, 2017 - 09:00 Clean Technologies business mission to CHINA SME Matchmaking
Wednesday, 23 November, 2016 - 10:00 Explore green business opportunities in China SME Matchmaking

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Achievements

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ESCP-4i News

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ESCP-4is targetting this country

Acronym Name Sector(s) Targeted third countries No. of SME involved No. of Partners
AdPack Future Materials and products for advanced smart packaging Paper and Packaging

AGROFOOD INDUSTRYTechnologies for the food industryFood Packaging / Handling
Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, United States 373 5
AdPack² European Strategic Cluster Partnership for Advanced Smart Packaging Paper and Packaging

AGROFOOD INDUSTRYTechnologies for the food industryFood Packaging / Handling
Canada, China, United States 530 6
bioXclusters plus ESCP on Personalised Healthcare Biopharmaceuticals

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCESMedicine, Human HealthPharmaceutical Products / Drugs
Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, Republic of Korea (South Korea), United States 880 4
DECISION DElivering Cluster International Strategies Into Overseas Networks Downstream Chemical Products

ENERGYRenewable Sources of EnergyWaste to energy - other
Canada, China, India, United States 320 2
EC2i European Cleantech Internationalization Initiative Environmental Services

PROTECTING MAN AND ENVIRONMENTEnvironmentClean Production / Green Technologies
China, United States 800 5
ECCA European Circular Construction Alliance Construction Products and Services

INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING, MATERIAL AND TRANSPORTConstruction TechnologyManagement of construction process & life
China, India, Mexico 400 6
EnW Energy in Water Environmental Services

PROTECTING MAN AND ENVIRONMENTEnvironmentEnvironmental Engineering / Technology
China, Colombia, Mexico, Morocco, Peru, Singapore, Tunisia, United States 650 7
EU4SPORTSCLUSTERSALL EU4SPORTS Clusters Alliance Business Services

SOCIAL AND ECONOMICS CONCERNSSports and Leisure
China, Iran, Japan, United States 316 5
FoodNet Food In Eco Network Transportation and Logistics

INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING, MATERIAL AND TRANSPORTTransport InfrastructureLogistics
Algeria, China, India, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan 362 5
MobiGoIn Mobility Goes International Transportation and Logistics

ELECTRONICS, IT AND TELECOMMSIT and Telematics ApplicationsApplications for Transport and Logistics
Canada, China, Malaysia, Singapore, United States 1100 4
MobiGoIn-Action Mobility Goes International - In Action Transportation and Logistics

ELECTRONICS, IT AND TELECOMMSIT and Telematics ApplicationsApplications for Transport and Logistics
Canada, China, Singapore, United States 1270 4
NATUREEF Natureef ESCP Environmental Services

PROTECTING MAN AND ENVIRONMENTEnvironmentEnvironmental Engineering / Technology
Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Philippines 1232 9
New Frontier in Food New Frontiers for Emerging Industries in Food Food Processing and Manufacturing

AGROFOOD INDUSTRYTechnologies for the food industryFood Technology
Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Taiwan, Thailand, United States 514 4
NF4 New Frontiers in Food Fast Forward Food Processing and Manufacturing

AGROFOOD INDUSTRYTechnologies for the food industryFood Additives/Ingredients/Functional Food
Brazil, Canada, China, United States 561 5
PERES (Voluntary Partnership 2016-2017) PERES-Promoting European Rail Excellence outSide EU Transportation and Logistics

INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING, MATERIAL AND TRANSPORTTransport InfrastructureRailway Transport
Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Iran, Mexico, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United States 600 6
SPACE2ID Space Clusters International Industrial Diversification Information Technology and Analytical Instruments

ELECTRONICS, IT AND TELECOMMSTelecommunications, NetworkingSatellite Technology/Positioning/Communication in GPS
Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, United Arab Emirates 757 9
SPACE2IDGO Space Clusters International Industrial Diversification Information Technology and Analytical Instruments

ELECTRONICS, IT AND TELECOMMSTelecommunications, NetworkingSatellite Technology/Positioning/Communication in GPS
Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, United Arab Emirates 757 8