China

China is home to an important cluster community. The bilateral dialogue between the EU and China has been growing in recent years, stimulating the collaboration links between European and Chinese clusters. The EU-China 2020 Strategic Agenda for Cooperation, which aims to foster the establishment of synergies to enhance cooperation in strategic fields, is a strong basis for the creation of cluster collaboration initiatives.

Economic and political context and framework

In 1978, China changed from a centrally-planned to a market-based economy and consequently experienced a rapid economic and social development. Currently, China has a leading position in many sectors that are crucial for the global economy and social development. China is the second largest economy in the world the world's largest exporter and the second largest importer.

Cluster community in the country

China is home to an important cluster community. The main sectors for cluster activity in China are: agriculture, high-tech industry, and manufacturing. Chinese clusters are distributed in different regions, namely the Pearl River Delta (PRD), Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Bohai Rim (Beijing – Tianjin – Liaoning). The figure below presents a map of China's top 100 industrial clusters.

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China’s public cluster policy is developed by both the central and provincial governments. The Chinese central government seeks continuous cluster development according to the guidelines on facilitating the development of industrial clusters announced by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). The most notable central government programme regarding cluster development is the TORCH Programme, which is based on an initiative to develop China's new and high-tech industries approved in 1988 by the national government.Read less.

Cluster policies encouraging the development and internationalisation of clusters

EU and China cooperation has been established with the aim of managing global challenges like health, climate change, food security and clean energy supply. In the particular case of the ICT industrial sector, cooperation could attain great mutual benefits to the businesses and societies, as China and the EU are considered to be global ICT leaders. Read more...

Several projects and some cluster matchmaking missions have already been organised in order to stimulate cooperation between European and Chinese clusters. China is one of the top targeted countries for international cooperation according to the current cluster consortiums under the ESCP-4i initiative. Read less.

Cluster to cluster cooperation opportunities and potential interest from European clusters and SMEs

EU and China cooperation has been established with the aim of managing global challenges like health, climate change, food security and clean energy supply. In the particular case of the ICT industrial sector, cooperation could attain great mutual benefits to the businesses and societies, as China and the EU are considered to be global ICT leaders.

Read more...

Several projects and some cluster matchmaking missions have already been organised in order to stimulate cooperation between European and Chinese clusters. China is one of the top targeted countries for international cooperation according to the current cluster consortiums under the ESCP-4i initiative. Read less.

News

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Events

Date Name Target Type
Wednesday, 14 June, 2017 - 08:30 Business Seminar: Opportunities in Asia for SMEs Cluster managers, SME Matchmaking, Seminar
Monday, 4 December, 2017 - 09:15 Healthcare & Medical Technologies Business Mission, Shanghai Cluster managers, Cluster Policy Makers, Investors, Large audience, Project coordinators, SME Seminar, Workshop
Tuesday, 4 April, 2017 - 18:45 International IPRs SME Helpdesks Stakeholders Meeting Cluster managers, Large audience, SME Conference, Matchmaking
Monday, 20 March, 2017 - 09:00 Clean Technologies business mission to CHINA SME Matchmaking
Wednesday, 23 November, 2016 - 10:00 Explore green business opportunities in China SME Matchmaking
Wednesday, 16 November, 2016 - 09:45 Chinese opportunities: business Tour to Shenzhen, China 16th-21st November 2016 for the ICT and greentech sectors Cluster managers, Investors, SME Matchmaking, Workshop
Tuesday, 5 July, 2016 - 08:45 WEST CHINA BUSINESS DELEGATION TO EUROPE 2016 SME Matchmaking
Sunday, 17 July, 2016 - 10:00 World Investment Forum 2016 Large audience Conference
Friday, 8 July, 2016 - 14:00 THE DRAGON-STARPLUS EU-CHINESE BROKERAGE EVENT Cluster managers, Investors, SME Matchmaking

Achievements

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ESCP-4i News

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ESCP-4is targetting this country

Acronym Name Sector(s) Targeted third countries No. of SME involved No. of Partners
AdPack Future Materials and products for advanced smart packaging Paper and Packaging

AGROFOOD INDUSTRYTechnologies for the food industryFood Packaging / Handling
Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, United States 373 5
bioXclusters plus ESCP on Personalised Healthcare Biopharmaceuticals

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCESMedicine, Human HealthPharmaceutical Products / Drugs
Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, Republic of Korea (South Korea), United States 880 4
DECISION DElivering Cluster International Strategies Into Overseas Networks Downstream Chemical Products

ENERGYRenewable Sources of EnergyWaste to energy - other
Canada, China, India, United States 320 2
ECCA European Circular Construction Alliance Construction Products and Services

INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING, MATERIAL AND TRANSPORTConstruction TechnologyManagement of construction process & life
China, India, Mexico 400 6
EU4SPORTSCLUSTERSALL EU4SPORTS Clusters Alliance Business Services

SOCIAL AND ECONOMICS CONCERNSSports and Leisure
China, Iran, Japan, United States 316 5
MobiGoIn Mobility Goes International Transportation and Logistics

ELECTRONICS, IT AND TELECOMMSIT and Telematics ApplicationsApplications for Transport and Logistics
Canada, China, Malaysia, Singapore, United States 1100 4
NATUREEF Natureef ESCP Environmental Services

PROTECTING MAN AND ENVIRONMENTEnvironmentEnvironmental Engineering / Technology
Chile, China, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Philippines 1232 9
New Frontier in Food New Frontiers for Emerging Industries in Food Food Processing and Manufacturing

AGROFOOD INDUSTRYTechnologies for the food industryFood Technology
Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Taiwan, Thailand, United States 514 4
PERES PERES-Promoting European Rail Excellence outSide EU Transportation and Logistics

INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING, MATERIAL AND TRANSPORTTransport InfrastructureRailway Transport
Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Iran, Mexico, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United States 150 2
SPACE2ID Space Clusters International Industrial Diversification Information Technology and Analytical Instruments

ELECTRONICS, IT AND TELECOMMSTelecommunications, NetworkingSatellite Technology/Positioning/Communication in GPS
Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, United Arab Emirates 757 9